Cybersecurity Analytics and Operations (CYAOP) | College of Information Sciences and Technology
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Cybersecurity Analytics and Operations (CYAOP)

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The Cybersecurity Analytics and Operations (CYAOP) Bachelor of Science program prepares students to protect digital information from attack through cyberdefense strategies. With a foundation in mathematics and computer programming, students will be prepared to recognize, analyze, defend against, and manage risks related to a wide range of threats to online information, data stores, and networks.

Whether it is the hacking of critical datasets by a nation-state, the theft of personal information by cybercriminals, or cyberattacks by terrorist groups or other aggressors, students will analyze security issues from the perspective of human and information systems. They’ll learn to anticipate and identify threats through the mastery of technology, articulate potential impacts to stakeholders, and ensure the safety of online information.

Please note that the Cybersecurity Analytics and Operations major is only offered at the University Park campus. This major cannot be added as a concurrent major at this time.

Tentative Roll Out of New CYBER Courses

Tentative Roll Out of CYBER Courses



CYBER 100 (3): Computer Systems Literacy

Spring 2018

CYBER 262 (3): Cyber-Defense Studio
Prerequisites: CYBER 100 and IST 140

Fall 2018

CYBER 342 (3): Incident Handling & Response
Prerequisites: CYBER 262, SRA 221. SRA 231

Spring 2019

CYBER 362 (3): Security Analytics Studio
Prerequisites: STAT 200, IST 261, CYBER 262 and SRA 365 can be concurrent

Spring 2019

CYBER 366 (3): Malware Analytics
Prerequisites: IST 242, IST 261, CYBER 262

Spring 2019

CYBER 440 (3): Cybersecurity Capstone
Prerequisites: CYBER 342W, ENGL 202 and 7th semester standing

Fall 2019/Spring 2020

NOTE 1: This plan is for student planning purposes only. Please be aware that the details and timelines can change as resources change. Please check back on this web site on a regular basis for updates. Students must follow prerequisites noted after each course.

NOTE 2: Students in their 5th semester in the College of IST and beyond must be aware that if they change into this new major, that their graduation date will be extended.

Prescribed Core Courses

This course introduces students to the components of a computer, historical and future perspectives of computing, data representation techniques and a comparison of operating system functions (e.g. Windows vs. Linux).

Provides hands-on experience with cyber defensive technologies to include intrusiton detection systems, firewalls, antivirus and other defensive tools.

Prerequisite: CYBER 100, IST 140

Students develop and document an incident response plan for a company. Students will become familiar with the NIST standards for responding to cyber incidents. This is a writing-intensive course. This course fulfils the writing across the curriculum general education requirement.

Prerequisite: CYBER 262, SRA 221, SRA 231

Learn techniques to analyze data from cyber systems. Write code in Python or R to process log files, find anomalies and identify trends.

Prerequisite: STAT 200, IST 261, CYBER 262, SRA 365 concurrent

Conduct analysis of viruses, worms and other malware. Perform dynamic analysis of outcomes of the malware. Conduct basic static analysis to identify key elements in the malware that can be helpful in understanding its impact.

Prerequisite: IST 242, IST 261, CYBER 262

Analyze cyber data from a complex cyber intrusion. Process evidence in a structured methodology/framework. Present findings in a format appropriate for top-level executives and business decision makers.

Prerequisite: CYBER 342W, ENGL 202, 7th Semester Standing

A first course in concepts and skills for application development.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better in MATH 21 or placement above the level of MATH 21 in the mathematics placement test.

Recommended Preparation: MATH 22

Introduction to the concept of databases including the storage, manipulation, evaluation, and display of data and related issues.

Recommended Preparation: IST 110/110S

Introduction to digital network topologies, transmission media, signal modulation, digital packet switching and routing, systems integration, communications management, and security.

Recommended Preparation: IST 110/110S

Introduction to formal languages, mathematical logic, and discrete mathematics, with applications to information sciences and technology.

Prerequisite: MATH 110 or MATH 140

Intermediate application development including algorithms, data structures, and object-oriented concepts.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better in IST 140 or CMPSC 121 or IST 240

This studio course will provide opportunities for students to practice the technical skills acquired in their foundation application design and development courses, specifically, in IST 140 and IST 242.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better in IST 242

Legal environment of information technology, constitutional/political issues, intellectual property, management, e-commerce, privacy, access, computer contracting, cyberspace regulation.

Prerequisite: IST 301 or SRA 231

Fundamental issues and concepts of network security, network security technologies and protocols, and emerging technologies in network security.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better is required in IST 220 and SRA 221

Fundamental issues and concepts of computer forensics; aspects of computer and cyber crime; methods to uncover, protect, exploit, and document digital evidence; tools, techniques, and procedure to perform computer and cyber crime investigation.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better required in IST 220 or SRA 221

Contemporary Security Issues; security management processes, architecture and models; risk analysis and management; security planning, analysis and safeguards; security policies development and administration; contingency planning, incidence handling and response; and security standards and certification processes.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better is required in IST 220 and SRA 221

Supervised off-campus, non-group instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.

Prerequisite: prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor. IST 495 can be taken 3 times for credit

This introductory course spans areas of security, risk, and analysis covering contexts in government agencies and business organizations.

This course counts for 3 credits of General Education in Social Sciences (GS).

Provides overview of nature, scope, and seriousness of threats to security as a result of terrorism and crime.

Prerequisite: SRA 111

Provides an understanding of the overview of information security including security architecture, access control, and Internet secure applications.

Prerequisite: SRA 111, IST 110/110S, CMPSC 101

Provides an overview of decision theoretical and analytical concepts and tools in the security risk analysis field.

Prerequisite: SRA 211, STAT 200

Schedule Number: 28930
Section: 001
Meeting Days/Times: MWF 1:25PM - 2:15PM
Instructor: Nicklaus Giacobe
Location: E202 Westgate
Enrollment Requirements: Students must be in the INFST_PMAJ or DUS_PMAJ majors with a semester classification 002-004.

This course is meant for true first year or sophomore students heading towards the CYAOP major only.

Assessment and mitigation of security vulnerabilities for people, organizations, industry sectors, and the nation.

Prerequisite: SRA 231

Theoretical foundations and practice of intermediate statistics.

Prerequisite: STAT 200

Exploration of technological, operational, organizational and regulatory issues related to maintenance of individual privacy, confidentiality of organizations, and information protection.

Prerequisite: SRA 211 or SRA 221 or equivalent

Descriptive statistics, frequency distributions, probability, binomial and normal distributions, statistical inference, linear regression, and correlation.

Prerequisite: Placement into MATH 021 or higher

Functions, graphs, derivatives, integrals, techniques of differentiation and integration, exponentials, improper integrals, applications. Students may take only one course for credit from MATH 110, 140, 140A, and 140B.

Prerequisite: MATH 022; MATH 040; MATH 041; or satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination.

Customize your Focus

Students pick one of the four tracks below or create a custom 4-course application focus. Students should take one course that meets the GS requirements. Students must pick six (6) credits at the 400 level. All 12 credits must be in the same application focus area.


Understanding the geopolitical landscape is key to understanding and modeling cyberthreats from nation-states and other threat actors. The Geopolitics focus is for students who have an interest in pursuing cybersecurity careers in government or related consulting sectors.




GEOG 160 (GS) Mapping our Changing World  or GEOG 260 GIS in a Changing World None
PLSC 14 (GS;IL) International Relations None
GEOG 333 Human Dimensions of Natural Hazards Junior or Senior Standing
GEOG 363 Geographic Information Systems GEOG 160
AFR/PLSC 440 Globalization and Its Impacts AFAM100 or AFR 110 or PLSC 3 or PLSC 14 or PLSC 20 or PLSC 22
SRA 450 Cyber-crime and Cyber-warfare 5th Semester Standing or Higher
SRA 480 Crisis Informatics 5th Semester Standing or Higher or Approval of Program

Law and Policy

Cybersecurity careers in law enforcement require knowledge of laws and policies focused on the handling of evidence related to digital forensics and monitoring. Individuals in the private sector and government agencies must also understand and adhere to these topics as they involve cybersecurity. The Law and Policy focus is for students who want to understand law and policy as they relate to digital data.

Law and Policy



COMM 180 (GS) Survey Elect Media and Telecom None
CRIM/CRIMJ 100 (GS) Intro to Criminal Justice None
CRIM/CRIMJ 113 (US) Introduction to Law None
PLSC 14 (GS;IL) International Relations None
CRIM/CRIMJ/SOC 467 Law and Society CRIM/CRIMJ 100 or CRIM/CRIMJ 113 or Permission of Program
*HLS/PADM 401 Intro to Homeland Security None
PLSC/CRIMJ 439 The Politics of Terrorism PLSC 14 OR CRIM/CRIMJ 100 or Permission of Program
***PLSC 487 International Law and Organization PLSC 3 or PLSC 14


The Economics focus is for students who have an interest in pursuing cybersecurity careers in the financial services sector or government. Designed to help students understand today’s financial and economic environments, this focus highlights the importance of translating the financial and economic impact of cybersecurity activities to effectively manage any program.




ECON 102 (GS) Intro Microeconomics Anal & Pol None
BLAW 243 Legal Environment of Business 3rd Semester Standing
BA 301 Finance ECON 102
ECON 302 (GS) Intermed Microeconomic Analysis ECON 102
ECON 402 Decision Making & Strategy in Econ ECON 302 and ECON 106 or SCM 200 or STAT 200
PLSC 412 International Political Economy ECON 102 or ECON 104 or ECON 14 or IB 303 or BUS 364

Health Care

Hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, and government agencies are just a few of the sectors that have strict requirements around protecting health care data. The Health Care focus is for students who have an interest in pursuing cybersecurity careers in a health care environment. Understanding how information is managed in these environments will help students thrive in a health care-related career.

Health Care



HPA 101 Intro to Health Services Organization None
IST 110 (GS) Information, People and Technology None
HPA 332 Health Systems Management HPA 101
**NURS 357 Intro to Nursing Informatics None
HPA/BBH 440 (US;IL) Principles of Epidemiology BBH 101ⱡ or BIOL 110 or HPA 310; STAT 200 or STAT 250
HPA 470 Healthcare Information Management HPA 332, IST 210, IST 220
**NURS 458 Ethical Challenges in Healthcare Informatics None

ⱡBBH 101 (GHA) – pre-req for HPA/BBH 440 will apply towards GHA

*Offered by Harrisburg and World Campus only
**Offered at Campuses and World Campus, Not at University Park
***Not offered at University Park

Custom Application Focus

There is an option for a student to create a custom 4-course application focus sequence. It must be a coherent sequence of courses that provides context for the student in terms of cybersecurity content. It should contain three credits of GS coursework and must contain six credits of 400-level coursework. It must be selected in consultation with a teaching CYBER faculty member and an academic adviser.


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